State capacity 38It is widely accepted that States have a critical role in economic development, at least in enforcing the rules of economic activity and providing physical public goods.
Only white-dominated settler economies that were able to operate with some degree of autonomy, such as South Africa and Southern Rhodesia, managed to develop a substantial industrial sector, albeit relying on a combination of protective barriers and African labour coercion.
Instead, such theories not only postulated fixed traits, but also reified characteristics of people in ways that afforded justification of slavery, colonialism, racism, and sexism.
Manufacturing was inconsistent with African endowments and thus its comparative advantage.
Colonialism is by definition and practice un-democratic! Just as the person forced to gallows makes choices, enslaved and colonized people also make choices, whether or not they make them out of ignorance, fear, rational miscalculation, or a combination thereof.
The development of capitalism in Africa. It turned out that the so-called local elite wanted only to replace the former rulers and govern in the same way, using the same laws and institutions.
London: Longman. In performance, aggregate economic growth rates in the region were pretty respectable until Jerven It was only at independence that the new African governments had the option of creating national currencies, an option the former French colonies mostly declined while the former British colonies soon accepted.