An introduction to the geography of rano kau
These impressive monoliths were created by the early Polynesian people who settled on Easter Island in the first millennium AD and created a thriving culture, as evidenced by the Moai and other artifacts.
Easter island heads
Between the 18th and midth centuries Orongo was the centre of a birdman cult whose defining ritual was an annual race to bring the first manutara sooty tern egg back undamaged from the nearby islet of Motu Nui to Orongo. We planned to stay for two weeks - one week to explore the island and one week to experience the first half of the Tapati Rapa Nui Festival. Types and Severity of Threats Although the 68 km2 Rapa Nui National Park was established as a protected area in , islanders do not recognize the authority of the Chilean government and commonly ignore park regulations Paine From here we also take in the amazing views of the landscape and deep blue ocean, an sight you will never forget. After a visit of the Moai, we make a stop at the inactive crater, now a beautiful lake, of Rano Raraku volcano. At that stage, Easter Island was rented to a foreign-owned sheep company and was turned into a sheep ranch. In the cult of the birdman tangata manu , a competition was established in which every year a representative of each clan would dive into the sea and swim across to Motu Nui, a nearby islet, to search for the season's first egg laid by a "manutara" sooty tern. The largest raised moai is called "Paro". For example, grazing by horses and other herbivores must be controlled before native species can regenerate. However, human activity, the introduction of the Polynesian rat and overpopulation led to gradual deforestation and extinction of natural resources, which caused the demise of the Rapa Nui civilization. About moai are still standing. A total of moai have been inventoried on the island and in museum collections. Easter Island is famous for having massive statues, called moai, which were sculpted and erected by the early Rapa Nui people. She placed a hold on 2 tickets and ran to the computer to find a place to stay. Orliac, and H.
Spirits were believed to be wandering the earth, influencing human affairs. The name "Easter Island" stems from the first European contact with the island which began on Easter Sunday in The bottom of Rano Rakau crater is covered with thick stands of tall bulrushes, Scirpus tautara, which may have been brought to the island by prehistoric voyagers from South America Fosberg Spirits were supposed to appear to sleeping persons and to communicate with them through visions or dreams.
The tablets are covered with finely carved and stylized figures, which seem to be a form of picture writing, known as Rongorongo.
Horses and wheelbarrows were also introduced by the missionaries. Free Press, The average size of all the statues is 4m 13 ft tall and 14 tons.
The last volcanic eruptions on Rapa Nui occurred about 13, years ago. Within many of the ahu, vaults house individual or group burials.
At that time, Chile claimed the largest fleet in the Pacific Ocean. A large Arecaceae palm , related to the Chilean wine palm "Jubaea chilensis" was one of the dominant trees, as was the toromiro tree "Sophora toromiro". Although three of the species on Rapa Nui are cosmopolitan in nature, there appears to be no connection with South America. Mueller-Dombois, D. Whenever we got back in the car, he turned on his radio and loudly sang along to traditional songs. In the cult of the birdman tangata manu , a competition was established in which every year a representative of each clan would dive into the sea and swim across to Motu Nui, a nearby islet, to search for the season's first egg laid by a "manutara" sooty tern. Fosberg, editors. Relax and replay your images of the last week; you have a memorable few days ahead! Located on the cliff of Poike volcano, the cave has become an emblem of Rapa Nui.
The oldest is Poike, which erupted in two episodes, one 9 million years ago and the other 2. Oral traditions show an obsession with cannibalism.
It weighs 82 tons and is 9. History[ edit ] The meter sheer cliff face of Rano Kau down which egg-hunters would climb to reach the ocean during the annual egg hunt. Nearly all the moai were carved from solidified volcanic ash at a quarry site on the side of the extinct Rano Raraku volcano. At the end of the trail, we arrive at beautiful dramatic cliffs along the ocean.?? It is composed of three main volcanic summits, Rano Kau, Poike, and Terevaka, as well as several smaller vents. We end our day at the white coral sand Anakena Beach where you can enjoy the local tuna empanada specialty and the beach??? The terrestrial portion of the island is designated as a nature sanctuary. At that time, the only trees were found on the steep inner slopes of the Rano Rakau crater Fosberg Wild and introduced plants on Easter Island: A report on some species noted in February The bottom of Rano Rakau crater is covered with thick stands of tall bulrushes, Scirpus tautara, which may have been brought to the island by prehistoric voyagers from South America Fosberg
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