Fahim, H. It is necessary to take into consideration both genetically inherited and learned traits in trying to explain how we have become what we are and how we differ from one another. The study of kinship and social organization is a central focus of sociocultural anthropology, as kinship is a human universal.
Thirdly, anthropologists sometimes specialize in the study of broad societal types, based on dominant means of livelihood — hunter-gatherers, peasants, pastoralists, fishermen, and so forth.
As we inspect it, we will concentrate on sociocultural anthropology — by now the segment of the wider field that remains, internationally, most clearly identified as anthropology.
The process of participant-observation can be especially helpful to understanding a culture from an emic conceptual, vs. It led to the labeling of Jews, Gypsies, and Slavs as untermench literally "under man" or "sub-human".
They are also interested in how biology and culture work together to shape our lives.