Cite research papers
Here are some examples of in-text citations: Short quotations If you are directly quoting from a work, include the author, year of publication, and the page number for the reference preceded by "p.
Introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the author's last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses.
Citing References in the Body Intro and Discussion of the Paper Throughout the body of your paper primarily the Intro and Discussionwhenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information.
Some journals,e. Citing Indirect Sources If you use a source that was cited in another source, name the original source in your signal phrase.
This is to facilitate a reader's finding the reference in a long publication such as a book not done for journal articles. When using APA format, follow the author, date method of in-text citation. Provide a reference to the work as soon as possible after giving the information. Sources Without Page Numbers When an electronic source lacks page numbers, you should try to include information that will help readers find the passage being cited. To direct readers to additional information. If the author is not named in a signal phrase, place the author's last name, the year of publication, and the page number in parentheses after the quotation. Note:When citing material in parentheses, set off the citation with a comma, as above. Note: Never use the page numbers of Web pages you print out; different computers print Web pages with different pagination. Maintain double-spacing throughout. According to Jones , "Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time" p. A string of citations should be separated by semicolons, e. Start the quotation on a new line, indented five spaces from the left margin. Jones's study found the following: Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time citing sources. Harris et al.
Berndt, ; Harlow, Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year: If you have two sources by the same author in the same year, use lower-case letters a, b, c with the year to order the entries in the reference list.
To show professional honesty and courtesy.
How to cite a research paper mla
The simplest way to do this is to parenthetically give the author's last name and the year of publication, e. Articles with more than two authors are cited by the first authors last name followed "and others" or "et al. Harris et al. Start the quotation on a new line, indented five spaces from the left margin. Click and Clack demonstrated that mice treated with synthetic estrogen analogs react similarly. Note:When citing material in parentheses, set off the citation with a comma, as above. For two author papers, give both authors' last names e. That system will not be presented here, but you should expect to encounter it in your reading of the literature. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, Organization as an Author: If the author is an organization or a government agency, mention the organization in the signal phrase or in the parenthetical citation the first time you cite the source. Note: In the rare case the "Anonymous" is used for the author, treat it as the author's name Anonymous, In the reference list, use the name Anonymous as the author. Type the entire quotation on the new margin, and indent the first line of any subsequent paragraph within the quotation five spaces from the new margin.
Masters Thesis, University of Alaska, Anchorage. If you are trying to publish a paper in a specific journal, you will be required to follow the format of that journal.
The reduction in phase three courtship behavior may also be linked to nutritional status Anon. A study of hormonal regulation of body temperature and consequences for reproductive success in the common house mouse Mus musculus in Nome, Alaska.
If the paragraphs are not numbered and the document includes headings, provide the appropriate heading and specify the paragraph under that heading.
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