Consanguineous marriage essay
Consanguineous marriage essay
Although cousin marriage is banned in much of the US, the practice is tolerated and even encouraged in other parts of the world. This is a clear indication for the need for further studies in this area. It basically prohibits marriages which involve incest, those with step-brothers or step sisters, that between uncles and nieces and aunts and nephews. Any marriage between relatives less close than sibs brothers and sisters or parents and offspring are not necessarily outlawed, but the dividing line between legal and illegal is hazy and varies somewhat between countries. A Greek woman who became epikleros , or heiress with no brothers, was obliged to marry her father's nearest male kin if she had not yet married and given birth to a male heir. Also, there is a need for public education programs to increase awareness regarding the consequences of consanguineous marriage. In most African societies consanguineous marriages are not allowed. Cousin marriage was more frequent in Ancient Greece , and marriages between uncle and niece were also permitted there.
Despite being contradicted by other studies like those of George Darwin and Alan Huth in England and Robert Newman in New York, the report's conclusions were widely accepted.
Finally, one reason that MBD marriage is often most common may be the typically greater emotional warmth between a man and his mother's side of the family. Opponents argue that first cousin marriage increases the risk of passing on genetic abnormalities.
Blood test for cousin marriage
In light of the above, there is limited understanding and knowledge regarding consanguinity marriage as a result of the limited number of research conducted. According to Agarwal et al , in various parts of the globe, consanguineous marriages are prevalent. This is a clear indication for the need for further studies in this area. Even in unrelated marriages both parents contribute the 4 - 8 unfavourable genes, which however have a lesser chance of being common, and there by seldom manifest the condition. Jack Goody claimed that early Christian marriage rules forced a marked change from earlier norms to deny heirs to the wealthy and thus to increase the chance that those with wealth would will their property to the Church. From one generation to the next, there is a sharp decline among first-cousin marriages. History[ edit ] The prevalence of first-cousin marriage in Western countries has declined since the 19th century. Providers of primary health care are faced with numerous challenges especially when they have to provide answers to consanguineous couples regarding their offspring anticipated health risks. This should be followed by putting in place counseling programs that are community based. One source from the s states that cousin marriage was less common in Cairo than in other areas. By the s, the number of bans had doubled. This study implicated cousin marriage as responsible for idiocy. The need to forge a close and friendly relationship and rapport with one's children at this stage, and giving them the right advise will play a crucial role in the reduction of the frequency of such close marriages. Essay Topic: Marriage Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website! By the s, Lewis Henry Morgan — was writing about "the advantages of marriages between unrelated persons" and the necessity of avoiding "the evils of consanguine marriage", avoidance of which would "increase the vigor of the stock".
Their view is that the Christian injunctions against cousin marriage were due more to ideology than to any conscious desire to acquire wealth. The prospect of a man marrying a former wife's "sister" was seen as incest, and conversely for a woman and her former husband's "brother".
In the United States, 31 of 50 states outlaw marriage between first cousins, or allow it only under certain circumstances. The theory also fails in explaining first cousin marriages popularity amongst societies that practice consanguineous marriage.
There are only two clans there Which have intermarried for many generations. In consanguineous or close marriages, the ancestors are common, like for example in a first cousin mating, the grandparents are.
Jack Goody claimed that early Christian marriage rules forced a marked change from earlier norms to deny heirs to the wealthy and thus to increase the chance that those with wealth would will their property to the Church.
Indisputably, union between relatives is essential because it provides the newly wedded couple with a sense of security. Keywords: Consanguinity, Consanguineous marriages, Preconception counseling, Preconception consultation, Premarital counseling, Primary health care Introduction It is estimated that one billion of the current global population live in communities with a preference for consanguineous marriage Bittles and Black a ; Modell and Darr The reason being that the other member of the pair is normal and powerful or dominant and thus suppresses the deleterious effects of the faulty one.
Degrees of consanguinity in medicine
According to Agarwal et al , in various parts of the globe, consanguineous marriages are prevalent. This is a clear indication for the need for further studies in this area. Preconception and premarital counseling on consanguinity should be part of the training of health care providers particularly in highly consanguineous populations. But the risks apply primarily to couples who are carriers of disorders that are normally very, very rare, Bittles explained. Many such marriages are arranged see also pages on arranged marriage in the Indian subcontinent , arranged marriages in Pakistan , and arranged marriages in Japan. Reportedly, it is a custom that in such marriages at least one spouse must be a relative, and generally such spouses were the preferred or favorite wives in the marriage and gave birth to more children. Each human body cell carries nearly 50 to , of these genes, as pairs, usually a pair for each trait. Consanguineous marriages are contracted in various populous countries in the world. Some men also practiced sororate marriage , that is, a marriage to a former wife's sister or a polygynous marriage to both sisters. The changes are caused by various things such as female education increased rates, population influxes, increased family economic status, lower fertility rates, and increased levels of alertness regarding consanguineous marriage effects on children especially when their exists an inherited family recessive disease. History[ edit ] The prevalence of first-cousin marriage in Western countries has declined since the 19th century. Charles Darwin and his wife Emma were first cousins.
Bittles 76 also points out that, regardless of the prevailing legislation, consanguineous marriage will decline in future as a result of the decline in family sizes.
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