How does a literature review help in selecting a research question

Point the way in fulfilling a need for additional research.

How to link literature review to research question

Are the author's arguments supported by evidence [e. Should I summarize, synthesize, or critique sources by discussing a common theme or issue? Recapitulate important features of a research study, but then synthesize it by rephrasing the study's significance and relating it to your own work. Use Evidence A literature review section is, in this sense, just like any other academic research paper. Ways to Organize Your Literature Review Chronology of Events If your review follows the chronological method, you could write about the materials according to when they were published. What are the strengths and weaknesses of the research? How does the publication relate to other literature in the field? If you begin to see the same researchers cited again and again, then this is often an indication that no new ideas have been generated to address the research problem. You also want a topic that piques your curiosity. However, sometimes you may need to add additional sections that are necessary for your study, but do not fit in the organizational strategy of the body. A good strategy is to begin by searching the HOMER catalog for books about the topic and review the table of contents for chapters that focuses on specific issues. Finally, write down your topic in a statement form. However, particularly in the social sciences, thinking about research problems from multiple vectors is a key strategy for finding new solutions to a problem or gaining a new perspective. What is your plagiarism score?

The analytical features of a literature review might: Give a new interpretation of old material or combine new with old interpretations, Trace the intellectual progression of the field, including major debates, Depending on the situation, evaluate the sources and advise the reader on the most pertinent or relevant research, or Usually in the conclusion of a literature review, identify where gaps exist in how a problem has been researched to date.

For the Internet in American presidential politics project, one methodological approach would be to look at cultural differences between the portrayal of American presidents on American, British, and French websites.

literature review example for research proposal

Or, does is merely add more of the same thing being said? Use the bibliographies and references of research studies you find to locate others. For instance, you might explain that your review includes only peer-reviewed articles and journals.

process of literature review in research

You also want a topic that piques your curiosity. Writers should choose a broad topic about which they genuinely would like to know more.

Literature review example

Step 4: Write your literature review Like any other academic text, your literature review should have an introduction , a main body, and a conclusion. Does the research seem to be complete? University of Toronto; Writing a Literature Review. If the same thing is being said, just by different people, then this likely demonstrates that the research problem has hit a conceptual dead end. Or the review might focus on the fundraising impact of the Internet on a particular political party. When you begin to write your literature review section, you'll be glad you dug deeper into how the research was designed and constructed because it establishes a means for developing more substantial analysis and interpretation of the research problem. In other words, a complete understanding the research problem requires you to deliberately examine how knowledge and perspectives have changed over time. The theoretical literature review helps to establish what theories already exist, the relationships between them, to what degree the existing theories have been investigated, and to develop new hypotheses to be tested. Are the author's arguments supported by evidence [e. Methodological A methodological approach focuses on the methods utilized by the researcher. The purpose is to place research in a historical context to show familiarity with state-of-the-art developments and to identify the likely directions for future research.

Thinking interdisciplinarily about a research problem can be a rewarding exercise in applying new ideas, theories, or concepts to an old problem.

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How to Write a Literature Review