The popular musical instruments during the middle ages

It has seven finger-holes in front and one thumb-hole behind, and a beak-shaped mouthpiece. Medieval instruments were divided into three categories percussion instruments, string and wind instruments.

medieval string instruments

In addition to these massive church organs, two smaller types existed during the Middle Ages. The Troubadours travelled from one village to the next and many also travelled abroad.

lute medieval instruments

It produced a loud shrill tone, and was used by military bands during the Crusades, as well as in ordinary life for dancing. Likewise the Spanish bandurria, is similar, but also having some characterstics of the more standard lute. The triangle has not changed at all since its origination in the s; triangles are smaller metal pipes bent into a triangular shape and struck with a mallet or hammer to produce a high-pitched, bell-like percussive sound.

The harp was one of the most common instruments of the time. Guitars have frets on the fingerboard, to fix the positions of the notes, or scale which gives them equal temperament.

Citole medieval instruments

Instruments like the guitar have been popular for at least 5, years; murals in Egypt show women playing instruments like the guitar from the time of the Pharaohs, but the name "guitar" appears first in Spain in the 13th century. The left hand worked the bellows while the right hand played the keys for a single row of pipes. Categories of Medieval Musical Instruments There were many Medieval Musical Instruments that can be described as part of the following categories: Woodwind Instruments - Musical instruments which were blown like trumpets or bagpipes String Instruments - Musical instruments which were played with a bow or plucked Percussion Instruments - various forms of drums and bells were used during the Medieval times Types of String Musical Instruments There were many types of string Musical Instruments played during the Medieval times including the instruments detailed in the following list: The Harp - The harp was a favorite instrument of the troubadours and minstrels and was about 30 inches in length Lute - A plucked string instrument having a pear-shaped body, a usually bent neck, and a fretted fingerboard The Fiddle - There were a variety of Medieval Fiddles which were played with a bow or plucked and usually held under the chin or in the crook of the arm. Bas referred to soft instruments literally, "low," but referring to volume, not pitch which were suitable for the chamber. Drums were made by hollowing out wood to make a shell or using clay pots, a membrane a leather skin would be tightly stretched and then fastened at both sides, the leather needed to be tightened and this was done by warming it to make it more flexible before being tightened. The head or heads could be fastened by glue, nails, or laced or lapped to the body of the drum. The rebec had a rounded, pear-shaped body, very similar to the shape of modern violins.

The earliest keyboard instruments of the clavichord and harpsichord type were invented in the fourteenth century but were not commonly used until the fifteenth century.

Typical medieval instruments in this group were the Pipe, Sackbut and Tabor. The performer blows into the bladder through its mouthpiece, a wooden pipe.

psaltery medieval instruments
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Musical Instruments in the Middle Ages