But the increased contact between militant Irish nationalists and German agents in the United States only fueled concerns of where the primary loyalties of Irish Americans lay. Berlin's top espionage agent, debonnaire Franz Rintelen von Kleist was spending millions to finance sabotage in Canada, stir up trouble between the United States and Mexico and to incite labor strikes.
Briggs, set up the American Protective League APLan organization ofprivate citizens that worked with federal law enforcement agencies during World War I to identify suspected German sympathizers. Because of anti-German sentiment influenced by historic ties to England, German policies, and American and British propaganda?
Nor would they needed to support him in inciting Bolshevik passions to overthrow the Romanov dynasty. This community was largely pro-British and anti-German in sentiment.
There was no discernible reason for America ever to become involved in a European land war, and the United States traded with — and had immigrants from — all countries in the conflict. Early in the Germans came therefore to believe that these various pressures would draw the Americans into the war against them no matter what actions they took.
While there was an outcry against Germany over such unrestricted submarine warfare, the German government had in fact taken pains to warn American passengers via advertisements in major east coast media, and indeed the Lusitania was carrying contrabandand hence was a legitimate target of war.